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Saturday, 17 December 2022

Gir-National-Park-Wildlife - ગીર રાષ્ટ્રીય ઉદ્યાન અને વન્યપ્રાણી અભયારણ્ય માહિતી

Where is Gir National Park situated - Gir National Park, a national park in Gujarat state, west-central India, located about 37 miles (60 km) south-southwest of Junagadh in a hilly region of dry scrubland. It has an area of about 500 square miles (1,295 square km).

Gir-National-Park-Wildlife - Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary Information: Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary, also known as Sasan Gir,

Gir National Park - It is a forest and wildlife sanctuary near Talala Gir in Gujarat, India. It is 43 43 km north-east of Somnath. It was established in 1965, with a total area of 1,412 km2 (545 sq mi), of which 258 km2 (100 sq mi) is fully protected as a National-Park and 1,153 km2 (445 sq mi) as a Wildlife Sanctuary. It is part of the eastern part of the Khatiyar-gir dry deciduous forests.



પાણીનો ભંડાર
  • The seven major perennial rivers of the Gir region are Hiran, Shetrunji, Datardi, Shingoda, Machchundri, Godavari and Rawal. The four reservoirs in the area are on four dams, one each on the Hiran, Machchundri, Rawal and Shingoda rivers, the largest reservoir in the region, the Kamleswar Dam, which Girni calls Jivadori. It is located at 21 ° 08′08 ″ N to 70 ° 47-48 ″ E.
  • During summer, surface water is available for wildlife at about 300 water points. When drought hits the area following poor rainfall, surface water is not available at most points, and water scarcity has become a serious problem. Ensuring availability of water during high summer is a major task of forest department staff.

flora and fauna
A survey of Gir forest by Samtapal and Raizada in 1955 recorded more than 400 plant species. Department of Botany M.S. University of Baroda revised the count to 507 during their survey. According to the 1964 classification of forest types by Champion and Seth, the forest of Gir falls under the classification "5A / C-1a — very dry teak forest". Teak is mixed with dry deciduous species.

The degradation stage subtypes are as follows:
  • The teak-bearing areas are mainly in the eastern part of the forest, which accounts for about half of the total area. Many species of Acacia are found. Bur, Jamun, Babul, Flame of the Forest, Ziziphus, Tendu and Dhak are also found here. Also found are plants like karanj, amla, tamarind, cerus, kalam, charal and the occasional banyan or fennel tree. These broadleaf trees provide cool shade and moisture to the region. Casuarina and Prosopis have been planted along the coastal border of Gir as part of the afforestation programme.

  • The forest is an important biological research area with significant classical, educational, aesthetic and recreational values. It provides about 5 million kilograms of green grass through annual harvest, worth around Rs. 500 million. The forest provides about 123,000 metric tons of fuel wood annually
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📽️ ગીર નેશનલ પાર્ક: વરસાદમાં જંગલનો અદભુત ડ્રોન નજારો જોવાની VIDEO link HERE.

Gir's count of 2,375 unique fauna includes 38 species of mammals, over 300 species of birds, 37 species of reptiles and over 2000 species of insects.

The carnivorous group mainly includes Asiatic lions, Indian leopard, wild cat, striped hyena, golden jackal, Bengal jackal, Indian gray mongoose and ruddy mongoose and honey badger. Asiatic wildcat and rusty-spotted cat occur, but are rarely seen.

Reptiles are represented by mongoose crocodile, Indian cobra, tortoise and monitor lizard that live in the water bodies of the sanctuary. Snakes are found in bushes and forests. Pythons are sometimes seen along the stream banks. The Gir has been used by the State Forest Department which formed the Indian Crocodile Conservation Project in 1977 and released close to 1000 marsh crocodiles into the Kamleswar Lake and other small water bodies around the Gir.

The abundant avifauna population includes more than 300 species of birds, most of which are resident. There are 6 recorded species of vultures in the scavenger group of birds. Some of the typical species of Geer include Crested Serpent Eagle, Endangered Bonelli's Eagle, Transitional Hawk-Eagle, Brown Fish Owl, Indian Eagle-Owl, Rock Bush-Quail, Indian Peepowl, Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker, Black-headed Oriole, Crested Treewift and Striped Indian. . The Indian Gray Hornbill was not found in the last census of 2001.

Asiatic lion
The habitat of Asiatic lions is dry scrubland and open deciduous forest. The lion population increased from 411 in 2010 to 523 in 2015, and all live in or around Gir National Park.

In 1900, the population was estimated to be as low as 100, and Asiatic lions were declared a protected species. A census in 1936 recorded 289 animals. The first modern census of lions was by Mark Alexander Wanter-Blath, principal of Rajkumar College, Rajkot & R.S. Dharmakumar Singhji between 1948 and 1963 and another survey in 1968 noted a decline to 162 since 1936.

Although the Gir forest is well protected, there are instances of Asiatic lions becoming prey. Some other threats include the possibility of floods, fires and epidemics and natural disasters. However, Gir is the most promising long-term maintenance for them.

During the long drought from 1899 to 1901, lions attacked livestock and people outside the Gir forest. After 1904 the rulers of Junagadh compensated for the loss of livestock. Lions rarely attack people in Gir-National-Park today.

Gir Interpretation Zone, Devaliya: Devaliya Safari Park is an enclosed area of ​​the Sanctuary that offers a good opportunity for visitors to experience the rustic beauty and wilderness of the area. The safari tour is conducted in a mini bus that takes visitors to another cross-section of the Gir. Travelers can watch here a good variety of wildlife in just a 20 to 30 minutes tour including Asiatic Lion.

Frequently Asked Questions - Search query :
  • Gir National Park is famous - Home to the ever-charming Asiatic Lions, the Gir National Park is the only national park in India that nurtures these royal animals. It covers a total area of 258 square kilometers especially regarded as a protected area for these lions.
  • Best Time to visit Gir National Park - As the protected area remains closed from June to October, the best time to visit Gir is in winter, from November to March. The summer months of April and May are very hot but ideal for wildlife photography and wildlife viewing.
  • Unique about Gir National Park - Today it is the only area in Asia where Asiatic lions occur and is considered one of the most important protected areas in Asia because of its biodiversity. The Gir ecosystem with its diverse flora and fauna is protected as a result of the efforts of the government forest department, wildlife activists, and NGOs.
  • When was Gir National Park Declared - It was declared as a sanctuary in 1965. Subsequently out of the 1153.42 sq. km area of the sanctuary, an area of 258.71 sq. km.
  • Is Gir open now - The protected area of Gir National Park is closed from 16th June to 15th October every year. It is the period when the southwest monsoon arrives. Literally, December to March is the climatically best season to visit the park.
  • How many lions are there in GIR 2020 - The state government had said in June 2020 that according to the latest lion census, the population of Asiatic lions had risen by 29% in the last five years. In its 2020 lion census, the forest department counted 674 lions in the Gir National Park.

  • Official site for Gir safari booking - EmailID is already Exist. This is the only official booking website for Gir Online Permit Booking System.
  • Is Gir safari safe - Yes it is safe. Safaris are conducted by Government with their trained & properly guided guides. There are multiple tracks with cameras monitoring the tracks.
  • Kids allowed in Gir National Park - According to information from a year ago Though there are no specific rules around this, it is better not to take so small kids to the safari. It is quite dusty inside and the ride is approximately 2.5 hours hence it is advisable that kids should be at least 2 years if you plan to take any inside the park.
  • Gir national park is worth visiting - This a huge forest, but few few lions (about 411). Other than lions there are other animals as well - deer, peacocks etc. There are 3 Safaris - 6am, 9am, and 3pm.

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